Colleen Johnsen's California Plants
Class #63: Plant Materials And Design B, Lab #14

Class #63: Plant Materials And Design B, Lab #14


Botanical Name: Muhlenbergia rigens
Botanical Pronunciation: mule-en-BURR-gee-ah RYE-gens
Common Name: Deer Grass
Family Name: Poacace
Diseases: None.
Flower: Open, wand-like panicle 6-20' x 1/4
Growth: 3' X 3' average growth.
Landscape Use: Bank cover, deer proof, erosion control, meadow/grassland, restoration, rock garden, seacoast, specimen plant, mixed borders and grass mass.
Light: Sun to part shade on the coast and inland.
Location: Hillside south of 100 & in front of 'Cabrillo College' signs.
Pest: Gophers.
Problems: None.
Propagation: By division and seed.
Pruning: In the early spring, prune every 2 years to 6".
Tolerance: Deer, drought, heat,insect, neglect (except yearly pruning), seacoast and winds.
Type: Grass, dense, clumping, spreading and upright.
Water: Dry between none in summer coast.
California Native: Yes
Description: Hardy to 10 degrees.
Sunset zones: - 24
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Botanical Name: Damthonia californica *
Botanical Pronunciation: dan-THONE-ee-ah cal-ehFOUR-neh-kah
Common Name: California OatGrass
Family Name: Poaceae
California Native: Yes
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Botanical Name: Deschampsia caespitosa *
Botanical Pronunciation: dess-CHAMO-see-ah saes-pih-TOE-sah hole-seh-FOUR-miss
Common Name: Pacific Hairgrass
Family Name: Poaceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: Silky green to gold in late spring.
Growth: 6" -1' x 1"+ average growth.
Landscape Use: Background, borders/edging, deer proof, ground cover, grassland, pond/stream, seacoast, plant mass and under oaks.
Light: Ample and monthly/ dry season.
Location: Elkhorn Native Plant Nursery
Pest: None.
Problems: None.
Propagation: By seeds and division.
Pruning: None required.
Tolerance: Drought, heat, lawn irrigation, seacoast and winds.
Type: Evergreen grass that mounds.
Water: Ample.
California Native: Yes
Description: Hardy to 0 degrees.
Sunset zones 2-24.

Prefers sandy soil.
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Botanical Name: Festuca california *
Botanical Pronunciation: Fress-TWO-kah cal-eh-FOR-neh-kah
Common Name: California Fescue
Family Name: Poaceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: Loose spikelets green to purple in April to June.
Growth: 2-3' x 2' Fast growth.
Landscape Use: Attracts birds/bees, bank cover, cut flowers, deer proof, erosion control, ground cover, rock garden and grass mass.
Light: Sun to part shade on the coast and inland.
Pest: None.
Problems: None.
Propagation: By seed and divisions.
Pruning: Cut back to 6" every year to invigorate.
Tolerance: Drought.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen grass that is dense, clumping, spreading and upright.
Water: Coast two times a month, dry to none in summer inland.
California Native: Yes
Description: Medium to large scale clumping grass.

Hardy to 10-15 degrees.

Sunsset zones 4-9, 14-24.
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Botanical Name: Nassella pulchra *
Botanical Pronunciation: nah-CELL-ah-PULL-kra
Common Name: Purple Needle Grass
Family Name: Poaceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: Green tinged purple turning silvery with maturity in May to june.
Landscape Use: Attracts butterflies, background, erosion control, fir retardant, groundcover, meadow/grassland, restoration, rock garden, seacoast and plant mass.
Light: Monthly.
Location: Elkhorn Native Plant Nursery
Pest: None.
Problems: None.
Propagation: By seed and divisions.
Pruning: Cut back hard in fall to renew.
Tolerance: Drought, dracoast and winds.
Type: Grass that is clumping and semi-open with fine texture.
Water: Monthly/dry season.
California Native: Yes
Description: Hardy to 15 degrees.
Sunset zones 5, 7-9, 11, 14-24.

Will tolerate clay soil.
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Botanical Name: Festuca rubra
Botanical Pronunciation: Fess-TWO-kah RUBA--rah
Common Name: Red Fescue
Family Name: Poaceae
Diseases: None
Flower: Long panicle in May to June.
Growth: Fast.
Landscape Use: Fire retardant, ground cover and in a meadow.
Light: On the coast sun to part sun and inland part sun.
Location: Hort. center entry meadow grasses.
Pest: None.
Problems: None.
Propagation: By seed.
Pruning: Cut to the ground yearly.
Tolerance: Drought, winds, sea coast, deer and lawn irrigation.
Type: Deciduous summer grass that is dense, fine and mat forming.
Water: Monthly to keep green.
California Native: Yes
Description: Soft mounding fine texture grass for meadows.

Hardy to 10 degrees.

Sunset zones A2-A3, 1-10, 14-24
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Botanical Name: Calamagrostis nutkaensis
Botanical Pronunciation: Cal-eh-mah-GROSS-tuss newt-ka-EN-sis
Common Name: Pacific Reed Grass
Family Name: Poaceae
Diseases: May develope rust during wet summer weather but will grow out of it the following year.
Flower: Purplish to mature flaxen in May to August.
Growth: 2-4' x 2-4' average growth with a medium texture.
Landscape Use: Bank cover, erosion control and sea coast.
Light: Sun on the coast.
Location: Seymore Discovery Center, Wilder Ranch.
Pest: None.
Problems: Invasive in moist areas.
Propagation: By division and seeds.
Pruning: Hand prune to 6" in the winter 2-3 years.
Tolerance: Deer, lawn irrigation, neglest, poor drainage, sea coast and winds.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen herb. perennial that is dense, clumping, upright and picturesque.
Water: Ample moisture to moderate.
California Native: Yes
Description: Natural wild looking grass.

Hardy to 5 degrees.
Sunset zones 4-9, 14-17, 19-24.
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Botanical Name: Lonicera involucrate
Common Name: Twinberry
Family Name: Caprifoliaceae
California Native: Yes
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Botanical Name: Lonicera hispidula
Botanical Pronunciation: Low-NESS-er-ah / hiss-PID-yew-lah
Common Name: Hairy Honeysuckle
Family Name: Caprifoliaceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: Whitish or purplish whorts of trumpet 1/2
Light: Full sun to part shade on both the coast and inland.
Pest: None.
Problems: Invasive.
Propagation: By seed, cuttings or ripe wood by layersor by cuttings of greenwodunder glass.
Pruning: As desired to control.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen vine.
Water: Moderate to none in summer once established.
California Native: Yes
Description: Twisting, fat growing vine that seeks support that is semi-open, spreading, upright and climbing.
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Botanical Name: Festuca idahoensis
Botanical Pronunciation: fess-TWO-kah EYE-duh-hoe-en-sis
Common Name: Idaho fescue
Family Name: Poaceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: Blue-green fading to tan panicle w/5-7 spikelets in the sdpring.
Growth: 10-14" height x 10" spread, average growth.
Landscape Use: Attracts butterflies, bank cover,deer proof, groundcover, meadow/grassland, restoration, seacoast, lawn substitute.
Light: Sun to part sun on the coast and inland.
Location: Elkhorn Native Plant Nursery
Pest: None.
Problems: None.
Propagation: By division and seed.
Pruning: Cut back in early spring.
Tolerance: Deer, drought, heat, neglect, seacoast, smog/dust and winds.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen grass that is dense and mounding.
Water: Monthly/dry season.
California Native: No
Description: Hardy to 10 degrees.

Sunset zones 1-10, 14-24.

Prefers welll drained soil.