Colleen Johnsen's California Plants
Class #164: California Natives & Plant Communities, Lab #4

Class #164: California Natives & Plant Communities, Lab #4


Botanical Name: Rhamnus californica*
Botanical Pronunciation: RAM-nuss kal-eh-FOR-neh-kah
Common Name: Coffeeberry
Family Name: Rhamaceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: Umbels 2
Growth: 5-15' x 6-15' and average growth.
Landscape Use: Bank cover, deer proof, informal hedge, screen and seacoast.
Light: Sun to shade both on the coast and inland.
Location: New Brighten State Beach.
Pest: Snails.
Problems: None.
Propagation: By seed or by cuttings of mature wood under glass.
Pruning: As desired to control size.
Tolerance: Deer, drought, heat, Insect/disease ristant, lawn irrigation, neglect, winds and seacoast.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen shrub that is dense with a medium texture.
Water: Monthly.
California Native: Yes
Description: Green structural plant to compliment other plants.

Hardy to 0-15 degrees.
Sunset zones 4-9, 14-24, Hi, H2

Prefers moist soil but will tolerate clay soil.
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Botanical Name: Salvia sonomensis
Common Name: Creeping Sage
Diseases: Crown rot
Growth: 12-18" tall x 2-3' across.
Light: Sun to shade on the coast.
Pest: Aphids.
Problems: Gets woody.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen ground cover.
Water: Dry between, monthly to none in summer.
California Native: Yes
Description: Mentioned

UCSC ARBORETUM
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Botanical Name: Erigeron glaucus
Botanical Pronunciation: Air-RIDGE-err-on GLAW-cuss
Common Name: Seaside Daisy
Family Name: Asteraceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: Daisy.
Growth: 10-12" x 1-2' spread with average growth.
Landscape Use: Borders, fire retardant, ground cover, rock garden and sea coast.
Light: Sun on the coast and part shade inland.
Location: Seymour Discovery Center.
Pest: Gophers and snails.
Problems: Short lived.
Propagation: Seed, division or cuttings.
Pruning: Remove spent flower heads and cut back to invigorate.
Tolerance: Winds, neglect, drought, sea coast and deer.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen pernennial groundcover that is dence, mat forming, spreading and mounding.
Water: Dry between.
California Native: Yes
Description: Herbaceous groundcover for coastal areas.

Hardy to 20 degrees.
Sunset zones 4-6, 15-17, 22-24.
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Botanical Name: Cornus cericea
Botanical Pronunciation: Core-nuss sir-iss-ee-ah
Common Name: Creek Dogwood
Family Name: Cornaceae
Diseases: None.
Growth: 6-10' x 6' plus, average growth.
Light: Sun to full shade on the coast and part to full shade inland.
Pest: None.
Problems: Invasive under ground runners.
Propagation: By cuttings and division.
Pruning: To control as desisred. Cut back severely in late dormant seasons.
Type: Deciduous shrub.
Water: Ample moisture.
California Native: Yes
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Botanical Name: Equisetum telmateia braunii
Botanical Pronunciation: Ek-weh-see-tum
Common Name: Horsetail
Family Name: Equisetaceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: n/a
Growth: 1-3' x 6" average - fast growth.
Landscape Use: Bank cover, container plant, deer proof, groundcover, pond/stream and restoration
Light: Sun and part shade on the coast and inland.
Location: New Brighten State Beach.
Pest: None.
Problems: Extremely invasive under ground with rooted runners.
Propagation: By spores and easily by division.
Pruning: Root prune unwanted shoots, rigorously and constantly.
Tolerance: Deer,lawn irrigation, neglect and poor drainage.
Type: Deciduous herbacious perennial bush like.
Water: Ample moisture.
California Native: Yes
Description: Hardy to 0 degrees.
Sunset zones 1-24.

Prefers moist soi but will tolerate clay.
Organic matter for fertilizer.
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Botanical Name: Galium sp.
Botanical Pronunciation: GAL-ee-uhm
Common Name: Bedstraw
Family Name: Rubiaceae
Diseases: None
Flower: White 4 petal, circular, 1/8th. in May thru July.
Light: Shade on th coast and inland.
Location: New Brighten State Park
Pest: None.
Problems: Reseeds itseft.
Propagation: By seed or division.
Pruning: Not required.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen herb. perennial groundcover.
Water: Ample water.
California Native: Yes
Description: MENTIONED PLANT
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Botanical Name: Marah fabaceus
Botanical Pronunciation: MAR-eh fah-BAY-shuss
Common Name: Wild cucumber
Family Name: Cucurbitaceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: White bell cup shape about 1/4
Growth: 6' x 10' plus. Fast growth.
Landscape Use: Deer proof, erosion control, restoration and screen
Light: Part shade on the coast and inland.
Location: New Brighten State Beach.
Pest: None.
Problems: Invasive.
Propagation: By seeds.
Pruning: As desired to control spread.
Tolerance: Deer, neglect and seacoast.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen vine.
Water: Moderaye.
California Native: Yes
Description: Hardy to 10-15 degrees.
Sunset zones N/A
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Botanical Name: Pteridium aquilinum
Botanical Pronunciation: Tur-ID-ee-uhm ack-weh-LIN-uhm
Common Name: Bracken Fern
Family Name: Dennstaeditiaceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: Spores
Growth: 4-6' x 2-3', fast growth.
Landscape Use: Cut / dry leaf, deer proof, erosion, restoration, rock garden and plant mass.
Light: Sun to full shade on both coast and inland.
Location: New Brighton State Beach
Pest: None.
Problems: Invasive roots.
Propagation: By spores or division.
Pruning: As desired to remove old frongs.
Tolerance: Deer, drought, neglect and seacoast.
Type: Deciduous fern.
Water: Dry between.
California Native: Yes
Description: Hardy to -0 degrees.
Sunset zones 1-10, 14-24

Prefers loam and no fertillzer.
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Botanical Name: Salix spp.
Botanical Pronunciation: SAY-lick
Common Name: Willows
Family Name: Sallicaceae
Diseases: Fungal leaf spot.
Flower: Catkin.
Growth: 15-45' x 15-30'
Landscape Use: As cut flowers, eroson control, lawn tree and screen.
Light: Sun to shade on the coast and part shade to fun shade inland.
Location: Wilder Ranch, New Brighten State Beach.
Pest: None.
Problems: They are invasine, weak wooded and produce suckers.
Propagation: By cuttings.
Pruning: As deire to control spread.
Tolerance: Lawn irrigation, neglect, poor drainage, seacoast and winds.
Type: Deciduous tree.
Water: Ample.
California Native: Yes
Description: Hardy to 0 degrees.
Sunsetzones 1-24

Prefers moist soil and no fertillzer.
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Botanical Name: Toxicodendron diversilobum
Botanical Pronunciation: tox-eh-co-DEN-dron dye-verse-eh-LOB-uhm
Common Name: Poison Oak
Family Name: Anacardiaceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: White star-like(male) 1/8" each in March-May
Growth: 2-20'+ height X 2-4'+ spread.
Landscape Use: Attacts birds. and restoration.
Light: Sun to shade on the coast and inland.
Location: Quail Hollow Ranch Park.
Pest: None.
Problems: Allergen and fire hazard and invasive/reseeds.
Propagation: Division sand seeds.
Pruning: At your own risk. Let goats eat it out.
Tolerance: Drought, heat and neglect.
Type: Deciduous shrub/vine that is climbing, dense, semi-open, spreading and upright with lober leaved.
Water: None in summer.
California Native: Yes
Description: Hardy to 0 degrees.
Sunset zones many.

Prefers all type.

Botanical Name: Populus balsamifera tricocarpa
Common Name: Black Cottonwood
Family Name: Salicaceae
Location: New Brighten Beach.
California Native: Yes