Colleen Johnsen's California Plants
Class #164: California Natives & Plant Communities, Lab #8

Class #164: California Natives & Plant Communities, Lab #8


Botanical Name: Mimulus aurantiacus
Botanical Pronunciation: MIM-yew-luss or-ON-tee-ock-us
Common Name: Sticky Monkey Flower
Family Name: Scrophulariaceae
Diseases: Sensitive to soil fungi.
Flower: Tubular yellow- orange in March - August. Good summer flowering display.
Growth: 2-4 feet x 2-4 feet , fast growing.
Landscape Use: Background, bank cover, rock garden and shrub mass.
Light: On the coast and inland both full sun and part shade.
Location: Carothers residence
Pest: None.
Problems: Short lived in gardens because they need good drainage.
Propagation: Seed, division and cuttings. Root easily in moist sand.
Pruning: Hard pruning in early spring will keep growth from getting leggy.
Tolerance: Drought, sea coast, heat and neglect.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen shrub or subshrub that is semi-open, spreading upright and globular.
Water: Drought tolerant but also thrives with additional water.
California Native: Yes
Description: Hardy to 15 degrees.

Sunset zones 7,8,9 & 14-24.

Just mentioned plant in Labs 8, 11 & 15
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Botanical Name: Polystichum munitum
Botanical Pronunciation: Pa-LISS-teh-cum mew-KNIT-uhm
Common Name: Western Sword Fern
Family Name: Dryopteridaceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: None, just spores on underside.
Growth: 2-4' x 2-4'. Average growth.
Landscape Use: Bank cover, cut leaves, fire retardant, pond/stream, restoration, seacoast and plant mass.
Light: Part to full shade on the coast and inand.
Location: Breezeway gym plaza
Pest: Thrips on the coast and in the Bay Area mites.
Problems: None.
Propagation: By spores.
Pruning: Just remove spent frongs.
Tolerance: Deer, lawn irrrigation and neglect.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen fern that is clmping, round spreading and up right.
Water: They like ample to moderate moisture.
California Native: Yes
Description: Reliable fern for many garden settings. They are semi open, spreading, upright and globular.

Just mention in Lab 10
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Botanical Name: Salvia apiana
Botanical Pronunciation: SAL-vee-ah ape-ee-AH-nah
Common Name: White Sage
Family Name: Lamiaceae
Diseases: Root rot,, needs good air circulation.
Flower: White to pale lavender in the spring -fall.
Growth: 3-5' X 3-5' spread.
Light: Sun on the coast and inland.
Location: Entry Courtyard Hort entry hillside.
Pest: Aphids on new spring growth.
Problems: These plants are short lived.
Propagation: Self seeding plants.
Pruning: Pinch young plants, to promote lush plants. Prune out dead wood and old stalks and shear lightly after flowering to keep more dense.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen shrub that is open form and upright.
Water: None in summer months. Too much water causes leggy growth, greener foliage and floppy inflorescenes (arrangement of leaves).
California Native: Yes
Description: Background airy shrub with whitish silver foliage.
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Botanical Name: Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Botanical Pronunciation: Arc-toe-STAPHY-eh - los ew - va-UR-see
Common Name: Bearberry,Kinnikinnick
Family Name: Ericaceae
Diseases: Fungal leaf Botryosphaaeria which has no control.
Flower: Bell - like in clusters about 1/8" in white or pink in May to July.
Growth: 6 - 11' 2" x 10-12" spread, average to slow growth.
Landscape Use: Attracts birds, bank cover, deer proof, erosioon control and ground cover.
Light: On the coast needs sunny to part shade and inland grows in part shade.
Location: Carothers Residence
Pest: Flat headed bore (control) none.
Problems: Short lived.
Propagation: Cuttings for cultivars and seed boild 2 minutes.
Pruning: Not recommended except small tip pruning.
Tolerance: Drought, winds, sea coast, deer and neglect.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen ground cover. These plants are dense, mat forming, spreading and trailing.
Water: Dry between to none in summer.
California Native: Yes
Description: Low prostrate manzamta for well drained soils.

Hardy to 15 degrees.

Susset zones 1-9, 14-24.
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Botanical Name: Artemisia californica
Botanical Pronunciation: Are-teh-MIZE-ee-ah cal-eh-for-ne-kah
Common Name: California Sagebrush
Family Name: Asteraceae
Diseases: Eventual rot in garden soils that hold moisture soil borne fungi.
Flower: Racemose panicles that are yellow - green in August to December.
Growth: 3-5 feet x 3-5 feet, fast growing.
Landscape Use: Bank cover, container plant and ground cover.
Light: Sun and part shade on the coast and inland.
Location: Wilder Ranch and Carothers Resisdence.
Pest: None.
Problems: Short lived and can be a fire hazard.
Propagation: By cutting and layering.
Pruning: Tip prune 1-2 times a year to keep tidy as desired.
Tolerance: Drought, wind, sea coast, heat, deer and neglect.
Type: Broad leaf evergreen, deciduous, herb. perennial, shrub that is emi-open, spreading, upright and globular.
Water: With monthly watering this plant looks better.
California Native: Yes
Description: Fine textured medium scale silver grey shrub.

Hardy to 15 degrees.

Sunset zones 7-9, 14-24.
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Botanical Name: Festuca rubra
Botanical Pronunciation: Fess-TWO-kah RUBA--rah
Common Name: Red Fescue
Family Name: Poaceae
Diseases: None
Flower: Long panicle in May to June.
Growth: Fast.
Landscape Use: Fire retardant, ground cover and in a meadow.
Light: On the coast sun to part sun and inland part sun.
Location: Hort. center entry meadow grasses.
Pest: None.
Problems: None.
Propagation: By seed.
Pruning: Cut to the ground yearly.
Tolerance: Drought, winds, sea coast, deer and lawn irrigation.
Type: Deciduous summer grass that is dense, fine and mat forming.
Water: Monthly to keep green.
California Native: Yes
Description: Soft mounding fine texture grass for meadows.

Hardy to 10 degrees.

Sunset zones A2-A3, 1-10, 14-24
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Botanical Name: Baccharis pilularis
Botanical Pronunciation: BACK-eh-russ pill-yew-LAIR-uss
Common Name: Coyote Brush
Family Name: Asteraceae
Diseases: Spider mites.
Flower: Bead like in clusters, 1/8th inch. Yellow flowers in August to December.
Growth: 10' x 10' spread fast growing.
Landscape Use: It attracts birds and bees, can be a bank and ground cover , erosion control, deer proof, screen, wind break and on the sea coast.
Light: Full sun on the coast and full to part shade inland.
Location: Wilder Ranch
Pest: Aphids and leafhoppers.
Problems: Can be a fire hazard.
Propagation: By seeds or cutings.
Pruning: Can be pruned or shear if desired.
Tolerance: Deer, heat, neglect, seacoast, winds.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen shrub that is dense, spreading and upright.
Water: Dry to none in summer.
California Native: Yes
Description: Medium to large scale shrub with wildlife value.
Hardy to 15 degrees.
Sunset zones 5-11,14-24.

Botanical Name: Asarum caudatum
Botanical Pronunciation: Ah-CZAR-uhm kaw=DAY-tum
Common Name: Wild Ginger
Family Name: Aristolochiaceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: Bell shaped with 3 'tails' maroon (hidden under leaves) 1" - 1 1'2" in the spring
Growth: 6" average growth.
Landscape Use: Foliage
Light: Part shade to full shade on the coast and full shade inland.
Location: Carothers residence
Pest: Snails.
Problems: Invasive but spreads slowly.
Propagation: By divisions.
Pruning: Perhaps prune back to remove snails once a year.
Tolerance: Drought, deer and lawn irrigation.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen, herbaceous, perennial groundcover that is dense or semi-open, mat forming back cover, fire retardant, ground cover with bold texture.
Water: Ample moisture to Moderate.
California Native: Yes
Description: Hardy to 15-20 degrees.
Sunset zones 4-6, 14-24.

MENTION IN LAB 10
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Botanical Name: Artemisia douglasiana
Common Name: California Mugwort
Family Name: Asteraceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: Creamy yellow panides about 4-6" clusters, 1/4" each in June thru November.
Growth: 3-5'+ x 6"-1' + and they are fast growing.
Landscape Use: Can be use as background. erosion control, restoration, deer proof and fire retardant.
Light: Sun to part shade on the coast and inland.
Location: Cabrillo College
Pest: None.
Problems: Invasive.
Propagation: Divide in spring and fall.
Pruning: Cut down old canes as desired, (control) Pull out as desired.
Tolerance: Of drought, deer and poor drainage.
Type: Deciduous herbaceous perennial.
Water: Moderate.
California Native: Yes
Description: A silvery heraceous deer-proof perennial.

Hardy to: 0 degrees.
Sunset Zones: All

Botanical Name: Arbutus menziesii
Botanical Pronunciation: are-BYEW-tuss men-ZEE-zee-i
Common Name: Madrone
Family Name: Ericaceae
Diseases: Fungal leaf spot and Madrone canker (fungus)
Flower: jug or urn shaped in white to pink in March to May.
Growth: 20-40' high X 20-40' spread.
Landscape Use: Attract birds, background and specimen.
Light: Sun on the coast and inland.
Location: Carothers Residence
Pest: Leaf miner, madrone leaf blotch miner, tent caterpillar and madrone shield bearer.
Problems: Excess litter.
Propagation: By seed - needs one month stratification.
Pruning: Remove dead limbs only. Great firewood.
Tolerance: Drought, heat and neglect.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen tree semi-open to open, spreading, upright and globular.
Water: Dry between.
California Native: Yes
Description: Hardy to 15 degrees.
Sunset zones 4-7, 14-19.

MENTION IN LAB 10