Colleen Johnsen's California Plants
Class #164: California Natives & Plant Communities, Lab #6

Class #164: California Natives & Plant Communities, Lab #6


Botanical Name: Calamagrostis nutkaensis
Botanical Pronunciation: Cal-eh-mah-GROSS-tuss newt-ka-EN-sis
Common Name: Pacific Reed Grass
Family Name: Poaceae
Diseases: May develope rust during wet summer weather but will grow out of it the following year.
Flower: Purplish to mature flaxen in May to August.
Growth: 2-4' x 2-4' average growth with a medium texture.
Landscape Use: Bank cover, erosion control and sea coast.
Light: Sun on the coast.
Location: Seymore Discovery Center, Wilder Ranch.
Pest: None.
Problems: Invasive in moist areas.
Propagation: By division and seeds.
Pruning: Hand prune to 6" in the winter 2-3 years.
Tolerance: Deer, lawn irrigation, neglest, poor drainage, sea coast and winds.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen herb. perennial that is dense, clumping, upright and picturesque.
Water: Ample moisture to moderate.
California Native: Yes
Description: Natural wild looking grass.

Hardy to 5 degrees.
Sunset zones 4-9, 14-17, 19-24.
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Botanical Name: Fragaria chiloensis
Botanical Pronunciation: Fra-JERR-ee-ah chill-oh-EN-sis
Common Name: Sand Strawberry
Family Name: Rosaceae
Diseases: Crown rot, sometimes gets iron deficency in late summer(yellowing leaves) apply iron sulfate.
Flower: Circulsar white about 1" in March - August no franrance.
Growth: 4-8" X 12" + Fast growth.
Landscape Use: Attracts birds, bank cover (shady), borders, erosion control, ground cover and sea coast.
Light: Will take all conditiones on the coast but only shade inland.
Location: Seymour Discovery Center, right side of blue tank.
Pest: Snails and slugs, usre sluggo (iron phospate).
Problems: Invasive runners.
Propagation: By division or rooted runners.
Pruning: Mow or cut back in spring to promote new growth.
Tolerance: Drought, winds, sea coast, deer and lawn irrigation.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen perennial groundcover that is dense, mat forming, spreading and trailing.
Water: Moderate to dy between.
California Native: Yes
Description: A low mat groundcover with glossy leaves.
Hardy to 15 degrees.
Sunset zones 4-24.
Prefers well-drained sasndy soil.
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Botanical Name: Erigeron glaucus
Botanical Pronunciation: Air-RIDGE-err-on GLAW-cuss
Common Name: Seaside Daisy
Family Name: Asteraceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: Daisy.
Growth: 10-12" x 1-2' spread with average growth.
Landscape Use: Borders, fire retardant, ground cover, rock garden and sea coast.
Light: Sun on the coast and part shade inland.
Location: Seymour Discovery Center.
Pest: Gophers and snails.
Problems: Short lived.
Propagation: Seed, division or cuttings.
Pruning: Remove spent flower heads and cut back to invigorate.
Tolerance: Winds, neglect, drought, sea coast and deer.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen pernennial groundcover that is dence, mat forming, spreading and mounding.
Water: Dry between.
California Native: Yes
Description: Herbaceous groundcover for coastal areas.

Hardy to 20 degrees.
Sunset zones 4-6, 15-17, 22-24.
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Botanical Name: Juncus patens
Botanical Pronunciation: JUNK-us PAY-tens
Common Name: Spreading Rush
Family Name: Juncaceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: Small clusters of dark brown flowers at tips.
Growth: 2' x 2' fast growth.
Landscape Use: Deer proof, erosion control and sea coast.
Light: Sun to part shade on the coast and part shade inland.
Location: Seymore Discovery Center.
Pest: None.
Problems: Invasive is moist areas.
Propagation: By division.
Pruning: Hand prune to ground or just prune out dead.
Tolerance: Winds, sea coast, deer, neglet, poor drainage and lawn irrigation
Type: Herbacious perennial sedge that is dense, clumping, upright and picturesque.
Water: Ample moisure to moderate.
California Native: Yes
Description: This plant is a natural, wild looking one.

Hardy to 0 degrees.
Sunset zones 4-9, 14-24.

Botanical Name: Baccharis pilularis
Botanical Pronunciation: BACK-eh-russ pill-yew-LAIR-uss
Common Name: Coyote Brush
Family Name: Asteraceae
Diseases: Spider mites.
Flower: Bead like in clusters, 1/8th inch. Yellow flowers in August to December.
Growth: 10' x 10' spread fast growing.
Landscape Use: It attracts birds and bees, can be a bank and ground cover , erosion control, deer proof, screen, wind break and on the sea coast.
Light: Full sun on the coast and full to part shade inland.
Location: Wilder Ranch
Pest: Aphids and leafhoppers.
Problems: Can be a fire hazard.
Propagation: By seeds or cutings.
Pruning: Can be pruned or shear if desired.
Tolerance: Deer, heat, neglect, seacoast, winds.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen shrub that is dense, spreading and upright.
Water: Dry to none in summer.
California Native: Yes
Description: Medium to large scale shrub with wildlife value.
Hardy to 15 degrees.
Sunset zones 5-11,14-24.

Botanical Name: Dudleya caesepitosa
Botanical Pronunciation: DUD-lee-ah CESS-pit-oss-ah
Common Name: Bluff lettuce
Family Name: Crassulaceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: Cupped yellow on a vertical 1/2" dia. x 6-12" stalk in April-July. Leaves are edible.
Growth: 6" x 6-12" spread. average growth.
Landscape Use: Can be used as a border/edging, is deer proof, fire retardant, a ground cover, spillig over a rock wall and in a rock garden.
Light: Sun on the coast and inland.
Location: Campus Hort. Center entry rd near Redwoods and Entry court
Pest: None.
Problems: Crown rot in dense soils.
Propagation: By seed and divisions.
Pruning: Dead head flowers.
Tolerance: Drought, heat, insect, neglect, seacoast and winds.
Type: Succulent that is clumping, dense and round.
Water: Dry between and none in summer.
California Native: Yes
Description: Hardy to 20 degrees.

Sunset zones 9, 14-17, 19-24

Prefers sandy well drained soil but will tolerate clay.
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Botanical Name: Eriophyllum staechadifolium
Botanical Pronunciation: Air-ee-OFF-eh-lum stay-cad-ee-FOAL-ee-uhm
Common Name: Lizard Tail
Family Name: Asteraceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: Yellow daisy in compound umbell 1/2
Growth: 2-3' x 8+' spread, fast growing.
Landscape Use: Attracts bees, erosion control and does well on the sea coast.
Light: Full sun on the coast and inland.
Location: Saymour Discovery Center, ocean side of building and Wilder Ranch
Pest: None.
Problems: Short lived.
Propagation: By cuttings and seeds.
Pruning: Remove spent flowers as desired.
Tolerance: Drought, deer, winds and seacoast.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen subshrub that is spreading,pright and globular.
Water: Monthly inland to none in summer on the coast.
California Native: Yes
Description: Hardy to 20-25 degrees.
Sunset zones 17, 24.
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Botanical Name: Eschscholzia californica
Botanical Pronunciation: Ess-SCOL-zee-ah Kal-eh-FOUR-neh-kah mah-RIT-eh-mah
Common Name: California Beach Poppy
Family Name: Papaveraceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: Cup like yellow or orange.
Growth: 6-12" x 12-18" fast growth.
Landscape Use: They attract bird and bees, can be a bank cover, along boarders, in container planters, as erosion control, fire retardant, as a ground cover, in grassland, in rock gardens and on the sea coast.
Light: Sun on the coast and sun to part shade inland.
Location: Sunset State Beach, Wilder Ranch
Pest: Gophers and snails.
Problems: Reseeds itself.
Propagation: By direct seed and exploding seed pods.
Pruning: As desired.
Tolerance: Deer, heat, insect/diseas resistant, neglect, seaacoast and winds.
Type: Deciduous annual perennial.
Water: Monthly to none in summer.
California Native: Yes
Description: Low herbaceous variation of state flower of California- pruse bloomer.
Hardy to 15-20 degrees.
Sunset zones 15, 17, 24.
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Botanical Name: Polypodium californicum
Botanical Pronunciation: Paul-ee-POD-ee-uhm cal-eh-FOR-neh-cum
Common Name: California Polypody
Family Name: Polypodiaceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: Spores on underside of fronds.
Growth: 6-10
Light: Part shade to full shade on both the coast and inland.
Pest: None.
Problems: None.
Propagation: By spores.
Pruning: Remove spent fronds.
Type: Deciduous fern that is semi-open and trailing.
Water: Moderate to none in summer.
California Native: Yes
Description: Delicate, small scale fern for forground rockwalls great to use as bank cover in the shade and in mossy rock gardens.
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Botanical Name: Eriogonum latifolium
Botanical Pronunciation: air-ee-og-oh-num lat-eh-foal-ee-uhm
Common Name: Dune Buckwheat
Family Name: Polygonaceae
Diseases: Root rot in wet or compacted soil, garden conditions.
Flower: Circular on a 6-9" stalk in creramy white-pink pom-pom in June - Sept. Not edible
Growth: 2-3' x 2-5' spread, slow growth.
Landscape Use: Attracts bees/birds, attracts butterflies, cut flowrs, deer proof, erosion control, rock garden, seacoast and plant mass.
Light: Sun on the coast and inland.
Location: Wilder Ranch, Seymour Discovery Center.
Pest: None.
Problems: Short lived in gardens.
Propagation: Cuttings and seeds.
Pruning: None required.
Tolerance: Deer, drought, neglect, seacoast and winds.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen shrub that mounds, spreads, and upright.
Water: Well drained perfers sandy soil monthly/ dry season none in summer.
California Native: Yes
Description: Hardy to 15-20 degrees.
Sunset zones 14-24
Prefers well-drained sandy soil.
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