Colleen Johnsen's California Plants
Class #164: California Natives & Plant Communities, Lab #5

Class #164: California Natives & Plant Communities, Lab #5


Botanical Name: Abronia latifolia
Botanical Pronunciation: Ah-BRONE-ee-ah la-eh-foal-ee-ah
Common Name: Yellow Sand Verbena
Family Name: Nyctaginaceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: Pink and yellow umbel, funnel shape 1/8
Growth: 2-6" x 12"
Landscape Use: Can be used as a bank cover, erosion control, fire retardant, ground cover, seacoast and in a rock garden.
Light: Sun on the coast and inland dry/full sun.
Location: Sunset State Beach Fore dunes
Pest: Snails and slugs.
Problems: Crown rot in dense soils.
Propagation: Division, rhizomes and seeds.
Pruning: To control.
Tolerance: Drought, neglect, seacoast and winds.
Type: Herbaceous perennial ground cover that is semi-open, mat forming, and spreading.
Water: Monthly.
California Native: Yes
Description: Low, succulent dune stabilizer ewith fragrant flowers.

Hardy to 25 degrees.
Sunset zones 17, 24

Prefers sandy well drained soil.
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Botanical Name: Artemisia pycnocephala
Botanical Pronunciation: Are-teh-meez-ah pick-knowcef-eh-la
Common Name: Beach Sagewort
Family Name: Asteraceae
Diseases: Crown rot is soil is dense.
Flower: Green-yellow spikes in July - August.
Growth: 1-2' x 1-2' average growth.
Landscape Use: As a bank cover, ground cover, in a rock garden and spilling over a wall.
Light: Sun on the coast and inland.
Location: Hort Center Entry, Sunset State Breach
Pest: None
Problems: Short lived and crown rot in dense soil.
Propagation: By cuttings, division and seeds.
Pruning: Plant maintains neater habit if flowers are cut off.
Tolerance: Deer, drought, insect/disease resistant, neglect, seacoast and winds.
Type: Herbaceous perennial that is dense, mat forming, and spreading.
Water: Dry between to none in summer.
California Native: Yes
Description: Low, soft, silvery ground cover for excellent drainage.
Hardy to 15-20 degrees.
Sunset zones: 4-6, 15-17, 22-24.
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Botanical Name: Dudleya caesepitosa
Botanical Pronunciation: DUD-lee-ah CESS-pit-oss-ah
Common Name: Bluff lettuce
Family Name: Crassulaceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: Cupped yellow on a vertical 1/2" dia. x 6-12" stalk in April-July. Leaves are edible.
Growth: 6" x 6-12" spread. average growth.
Landscape Use: Can be used as a border/edging, is deer proof, fire retardant, a ground cover, spillig over a rock wall and in a rock garden.
Light: Sun on the coast and inland.
Location: Campus Hort. Center entry rd near Redwoods and Entry court
Pest: None.
Problems: Crown rot in dense soils.
Propagation: By seed and divisions.
Pruning: Dead head flowers.
Tolerance: Drought, heat, insect, neglect, seacoast and winds.
Type: Succulent that is clumping, dense and round.
Water: Dry between and none in summer.
California Native: Yes
Description: Hardy to 20 degrees.

Sunset zones 9, 14-17, 19-24

Prefers sandy well drained soil but will tolerate clay.
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Botanical Name: Ericameria ericoides
Botanical Pronunciation: Air-ick-ah-MARE-ee-ah
Common Name: Mock Heather
Family Name: Asteraceae
Diseases: Root rot in wet soils.
Flower: Yellow small daisy 1/8
Growth: 1-5' x 1-5' average growth.
Landscape Use: Can be a bank cover, erosion control, low hedge, and shrub mass.
Light: Full sun on the coast.
Location: Sunset State Beach, Fore Dune.
Pest: Snails.
Problems: Short lived.
Propagation: By seeds and cuttings.
Pruning: Can be pruned to be a low hedge.
Tolerance: Deer, drought, neglect, seacoast and winds.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen shrub or subshrub that is spreading, upright and globular.
Water: None in summer.
California Native: Yes
Description: Mounded shrub of fine texture and yellow flowers.
Hardy to 15-20 degrees.
Sunset zones 17.
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Botanical Name: Eriophyllum staechadifolium
Botanical Pronunciation: Air-ee-OFF-eh-lum stay-cad-ee-FOAL-ee-uhm
Common Name: Lizard Tail
Family Name: Asteraceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: Yellow daisy in compound umbell 1/2
Growth: 2-3' x 8+' spread, fast growing.
Landscape Use: Attracts bees, erosion control and does well on the sea coast.
Light: Full sun on the coast and inland.
Location: Saymour Discovery Center, ocean side of building and Wilder Ranch
Pest: None.
Problems: Short lived.
Propagation: By cuttings and seeds.
Pruning: Remove spent flowers as desired.
Tolerance: Drought, deer, winds and seacoast.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen subshrub that is spreading,pright and globular.
Water: Monthly inland to none in summer on the coast.
California Native: Yes
Description: Hardy to 20-25 degrees.
Sunset zones 17, 24.
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Botanical Name: Eschscholzia californica
Botanical Pronunciation: Ess-SCOL-zee-ah Kal-eh-FOUR-neh-kah mah-RIT-eh-mah
Common Name: California Beach Poppy
Family Name: Papaveraceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: Cup like yellow or orange.
Growth: 6-12" x 12-18" fast growth.
Landscape Use: They attract bird and bees, can be a bank cover, along boarders, in container planters, as erosion control, fire retardant, as a ground cover, in grassland, in rock gardens and on the sea coast.
Light: Sun on the coast and sun to part shade inland.
Location: Sunset State Beach, Wilder Ranch
Pest: Gophers and snails.
Problems: Reseeds itself.
Propagation: By direct seed and exploding seed pods.
Pruning: As desired.
Tolerance: Deer, heat, insect/diseas resistant, neglect, seaacoast and winds.
Type: Deciduous annual perennial.
Water: Monthly to none in summer.
California Native: Yes
Description: Low herbaceous variation of state flower of California- pruse bloomer.
Hardy to 15-20 degrees.
Sunset zones 15, 17, 24.
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Botanical Name: Lupinus arboreus
Botanical Pronunciation: Loop-in-uss are-boar-ee-us
Common Name: Tree Lupine
Family Name: Fabaceae
Flower: Yellow racemes 1/2
Growth: 5-8' x 5-8' fast growth.
Landscape Use: They attract birds and bees, can be a bank cover, in container planters, as erosion control, on the sea coast is best, and as shrub masses.
Light: Full sun on the coast and inland.
Location: Sunset State Beach rear dune.
Pest: Snails and slugs.
Problems: They are short lived.
Propagation: By seeds.
Pruning: Not recommened.
Type: Broarleaf evergreen shrub that is semi-open, spreading, upright and globular.
Water: Dry between.
California Native: Yes
Description: Short lived medium to large scale herbaceous shrub with profuse flowers.
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Botanical Name: Camissonia cheiranthifolia
Botanical Pronunciation: cam-eh-SEWN-e-ah chair-an-thah-FOAL-e-ah
Common Name: Beach Evening Primrose
Family Name: Onagraceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: Circular yellow when new, red when old in April-Aug. no fragrance and not edible
Growth: 2" x 1' spread slow growing with a fine texture.
Landscape Use: Sand dune only.
Light: Sun on the coast.
Location: Sunset State Beach
Pest: None.
Problems: Short lived in gardens.
Propagation: By seeds.
Pruning: None required.
Tolerance: Drought, nerglect, seacoast and winds.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen groundcover, herbaceous perennial that is mat like, spreadingand trailing
California Native: Yes
Description: Hardy to 25 degrees.
Sunset zones 17
Prefers sandy soil.