Colleen Johnsen's California Plants
Class #164: California Natives & Plant Communities, Lab #16

Class #164: California Natives & Plant Communities, Lab #16


Botanical Name: Prunus illicifolia lyonii *
Botanical Pronunciation: PREW-nus LIE-on-i
Common Name: Catalina Cherry
Family Name: Rosaceae
Diseases: None.
Growth: 30-45' x 20-30' Average growth.
Light: Sun or part shade.
Pest: Aphids and scale.
Problems: None.
Pruning: Spring as desired.
Type: Broadleaf tree or shrub.
Water: Dry between to none in summer.
California Native: Yes
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Botanical Name: Cedrus deodara
Botanical Pronunciation: SAY-cruss dee-oh-DAR-ah
Common Name: Deodar Cedar
Family Name: Pinscese
Diseases: None.
Flower: Cone, beehive-like reddish brown.
Growth: 60 - 80'heigh x 40 - 60' spread average to fast growth.
Landscape Use: Attracts bees/birds, screen, specimen plant, windbreak, park, campus and large public spaces.
Light: Sun on the coast and inland.
Location: East of 450 - Forum building.
Pest: None.
Problems: Fire hazard, excess litter.
Propagation: Cuttings and seeds.
Pruning: None.
Tolerance: Deer, drought, heat,insects,lawn irrigation, seacoast, smog and wind.
Type: Conifer that is dense, pictureque, pyramidal, spreading, upright and weeping.
Water: Dry between, monthly, none in summer.
California Native: No
Description: Hardy to 0 degrees.
Sunset zones: 3b.-10, 14-24.
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375 x 500, 43,675 Bytes 500 x 375, 52,394 Bytes

Botanical Name: Cercis canadensis
Botanical Pronunciation: SAIR-sis can-eh-DEN-sis
Common Name: Eastern Redbud
Family Name: Fabaceae
Diseases: None
Flower: Rose to magenta sweetpea shaped 1/2"
Growth: 25-30' x 20-25' average - fast growth.
Light: Sun to part shade
Location: BROWN MARKETPLACE Parking lot in front of Trader Joes
Pest: None
Problems: Suckers
Propagation: By grafts and cuttings.
Pruning: As desired.
Tolerance: Drought, smog, sea coat, heat, and neglect.
Type: Deciduous tree
Water: Dry between
California Native: No
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500 x 375, 27,234 Bytes 0 x 0, 124,535 Bytes 0 x 0, 129,955 Bytes 0 x 0, 121,319 Bytes

Botanical Name: Cotinus coggygria 'Purpurer'
Botanical Pronunciation: coe-TINE-us co-GIG-ree-ah
Common Name: Purple Smoke Bush
Family Name: Anacardiaceae
Diseases: Verticillium wilt (control) Reduce watering. Powdery mildew (control) No overhead watering.
Flower: Plume-like paniccle pink-purple fading to gray in May to June with no fragrant.
Growth: 12 - 15'+ X 12-15' spread, average growth to fast.
Landscape Use: Background, container plant, screan and shrub mass.
Light: Sun to part shade on the coast and inland.
Location: Filoli and Naman gardens.
Pest: None.
Problems: None.
Propagation: By cuttings and seeds.
Pruning: None required.
Tolerance: Drought, heat, insects, neglect, seacoast and winds.
Type: Deciduous tree that is dense, spreading and upright.
Water: Monthly to none in summer
California Native: No
Description: Hardy to 0 degrees.
Sunset zones 2-24.
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500 x 375, 52,703 Bytes 500 x 375, 38,415 Bytes 500 x 375, 27,974 Bytes 500 x 375, 52,847 Bytes

Botanical Name: Aesculus california *
Botanical Pronunciation: ESS-kew-luss
Common Name: Buckeye
Family Name: Hippocastanaceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: White/pink dense apanicle of tubular 6-10' z 2-3' wide flowers in April-June that are fragrant.
Growth: 39-50' x 30-50', average to fast growth.
Landscape Use: Attracts butterflies, background,, shade plant and specimen plant.
Light: Sun to part shade.
Location: Wilder Ranch and San Lorenzo River Walk
Pest: None.
Problems: Excesss litter.
Propagation: By seeds.
Pruning: To control size or accentuate sculptural look.
Tolerance: Deer, drought, heat, neglect and poor drainage.
Type: Deciduous tree that is dense, picturque, round spreading and upright.
Water: Monthly/dry season to none in summer.
California Native: Yes
Description: Hardy to 0 degrees.
Sunset zones 3-10, 14-24.

Prefers moist loam.

Botanical Name: Arctostaphylos edmundsii
Botanical Pronunciation: ark-toe-staff-eh-los ed-mund-zee-i
Common Name: Little Sur Manzanita
Family Name: Ericaceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: Bell shape white to pale pink in December - January
Growth: 4-12" heigh x 4-6', average growth.
Landscape Use: Attracts bees/birds, bank cover, deer proof, groundcover and seacoast.
Light: Full fun to part shade on the coast and part shade inland.
Location: UC Arboretum.
Pest: Flat head borer (control) None.
Problems: Crown rot in dense soils.
Propagation: By cuttings and seeds.
Pruning: None required. To control growth frequent pinching during growing season.
Tolerance: Deer, drought, seacoast and winds.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen groundcover. They are dense mat forming and trailing.
Water: Dry between to none in summer.
California Native: Yes
Description: Low mat area groundcover that likes well drained soil.

Hardy to 15 degrees.
Sunset zones 6-9, 14-24.
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500 x 375, 52,910 Bytes 500 x 375, 24,838 Bytes

Botanical Name: Eriogonum elongatum
Common Name: Long Stemmed Buckwheat
Diseases: Root rot.
Flower: Pompons white to pink Two feet above foliage in the summer.
Growth: 2'X3' aversage growth.
Light: Sun on coast and inland.
Pest: None.
Problems: None.
Propagation: By seed.
Pruning: Prune off spent flower stalks.
Type: Herb. Perennial subshrub. Semi-open, upright mounding.
Water: None in summer.
California Native: Yes
Description: Medium size perennial with striking summer form that is tolorent of drough, winds, sea coast, deer and neglect.
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640 x 480, 137,084 Bytes 640 x 480, 126,697 Bytes 640 x 480, 131,819 Bytes 640 x 480, 136,409 Bytes

Botanical Name: Salvia leucophylla
Diseases: None
Flower: Tight whorls 1
Growth: Fast growth 3-8' X 3-15'
Light: Sun on the coast but hardy to 10 degrees.
Pest: None
Problems: None
Propagation: Easy by seeds, cuttings or stems touching the ground.
Pruning: To shape amd removal of dead stems.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen shrub that is dense, spreading, mounding and upright.
Water: None in summer
California Native: Yes
Description: Medium size grey foliage shrub.
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640 x 480, 135,072 Bytes 640 x 480, 144,614 Bytes 640 x 480, 122,665 Bytes 640 x 480, 140,131 Bytes

Botanical Name: Lonicera involucrate
Common Name: Twinberry
Family Name: Caprifoliaceae
California Native: Yes
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640 x 480, 138,781 Bytes 640 x 480, 139,315 Bytes 640 x 480, 131,241 Bytes 640 x 480, 133,299 Bytes

Botanical Name: Marah fabaceus
Botanical Pronunciation: MAR-eh fah-BAY-shuss
Common Name: Wild cucumber
Family Name: Cucurbitaceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: White bell cup shape about 1/4
Growth: 6' x 10' plus. Fast growth.
Landscape Use: Deer proof, erosion control, restoration and screen
Light: Part shade on the coast and inland.
Location: New Brighten State Beach.
Pest: None.
Problems: Invasive.
Propagation: By seeds.
Pruning: As desired to control spread.
Tolerance: Deer, neglect and seacoast.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen vine.
Water: Moderaye.
California Native: Yes
Description: Hardy to 10-15 degrees.
Sunset zones N/A
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Botanical Name: Clematis ligusticifolia
Botanical Pronunciation: Cleh-MATT-iss leh-gust-eh-ceh-FOAL-ee-ah
Common Name: Western Virgin's Bower
Family Name: Ranunculaceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: Creamy white fragrant, 1/4
Light: Sun to part shade on the coast and inland. Roots need to be cool.
Pest: None.
Problems: None.
Propagation: From seed.
Pruning: Best cut back severely to promote lots of new growth in winter.
Type: Deciduous vine.
Water: Ample moist to moderate.
California Native: Yes
Description: Twining, twisting delicate vine with showy flowers.
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Botanical Name: carpobrotus chilense
Common Name: Hottentot Fig
California Native: No
Description: MENTION ONLY.
Invasive exotics.
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Botanical Name: Eriogonum latifolium
Botanical Pronunciation: air-ee-og-oh-num lat-eh-foal-ee-uhm
Common Name: Dune Buckwheat
Family Name: Polygonaceae
Diseases: Root rot in wet or compacted soil, garden conditions.
Flower: Circular on a 6-9" stalk in creramy white-pink pom-pom in June - Sept. Not edible
Growth: 2-3' x 2-5' spread, slow growth.
Landscape Use: Attracts bees/birds, attracts butterflies, cut flowrs, deer proof, erosion control, rock garden, seacoast and plant mass.
Light: Sun on the coast and inland.
Location: Wilder Ranch, Seymour Discovery Center.
Pest: None.
Problems: Short lived in gardens.
Propagation: Cuttings and seeds.
Pruning: None required.
Tolerance: Deer, drought, neglect, seacoast and winds.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen shrub that mounds, spreads, and upright.
Water: Well drained perfers sandy soil monthly/ dry season none in summer.
California Native: Yes
Description: Hardy to 15-20 degrees.
Sunset zones 14-24
Prefers well-drained sandy soil.
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Botanical Name: Rosa californica
Botanical Pronunciation: RO-zah cal-eh-FOUR-beh-kah
Common Name: California Wild Rose
Family Name: Rosaceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: Open single rose in white to deep rose in the spring to summer and fragrant.
Growth: 6-9' heigh X 6'+ spread.
Landscape Use: Attracts birds, infornal hedge, barrier and wild life value.
Light: Sun to Part sun on the coast and inland.
Location: Rear dunes of Sunset State Beach.
Pest: Rose slugs (control) spray with diazinon or hand pick. Aphids (control) rince off with water.
Problems: Invasive.
Propagation: Root divisions, cuttings and seeds (stratify)
Pruning: Trim back canes in late fall for extra vigor the following year.
Tolerance: Sea coast.
Type: Deciduous evergreen shrub that is semi-open, spreading, upright and globular.
Water: Monthly but needs occasional deep watering in summer.
California Native: Yes
Description: Hardy to: 0 degrees.
Sunset zones: All

Botanical Name: Claytonia perfoliata
Common Name: Miner's Lettuce
Family Name: Portulaceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: White star-like, bell-like clusters in center of leaf in Feb.-May.
Growth: 6-12" x 6-12' fast growing.
Landscape Use: Attracts birds, container plant, deer proof, fire retardant, groundcover, and shade plant.
Light: Sun to moisy/heavy shade.
Location: Wilder Ranch.
Pest: None.
Problems: Reseeds.
Propagation: By seeds.
Pruning: None required.
Tolerance: Deer, insect/disease resistant, neglect and seacoast.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen groundcover that is clumping, mat like and spreads.
Water: Ample.
California Native: Yes
Description: Hardy to 20 degrees.

MENTIONED IN LAB 10