Colleen Johnsen's California Plants
Class #164: California Natives & Plant Communities, Lab #11

Class #164: California Natives & Plant Communities, Lab #11


Botanical Name: Dicentra formosa
Botanical Pronunciation: dye-SEN-trah- four-MOE-sah
Common Name: Bleeding Heart
Family Name: Papaveraceae
Diseases: Nome.
Flower: Rose-purple clusters of hearts drooping, 3/4"-1" x 3/4"-1" in March-June.
Growth: 12-18" height X 12-18"+ spread. fash growth.
Landscape Use: Attracks birds, attracts butterflies, border/edging, contsiner plant, cut flowers, deer proof, fire retardant, pond/stream, shade plant and plant mass.
Light: Shade on coast.
Pest: None.
Problems: Invasive/reseeds.
Propagation: By division and seeds.
Pruning: None required.
Tolerance: Deer, insect/disease resistant, and neglect.
Type: Deciduous herbaceous perennial clumping, mat form semi-open and spreading with med-fine texture.
Water: Ample.
California Native: Yes
Description: Hardy to 0 degrees.
Sunset zones 1-9, 14-24.

Prefers moist loam but wuill tolerate clay.
Click on a picture to enlarge it.
500 x 375, 14,866 Bytes 500 x 375, 36,945 Bytes

Botanical Name: Salvia mellifera
Botanical Pronunciation: SAL-vee-ah- mel-LIF-er-lah
Common Name: Black Sage
Family Name: Lamiaceae
Diseases: Root rot.
Flower: White to pale lavender in the spring to summer.
Growth: 3-6' x 3-5' fast growing.
Light: Sun and part sun on the coast and sun inland.
Pest: None.
Problems: None.
Propagation: Seeds and cuttings.
Pruning: Tip pune to prevent legginess.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen shrub that is a mounding form.
Water: None once established.
California Native: Yes
Description: This shrub attracts bird/bees, makes a great bank cover and is erosionnn control. Does well on the sea coast in winds and drought conditions and neglect.
Click on a picture to enlarge it.
640 x 480, 145,401 Bytes 640 x 480, 137,883 Bytes

Botanical Name: Adenostema fasciculatum
Botanical Pronunciation: add-en-OSS-teh-mah fas-sick-yew-LAY-tum
Common Name: Chamise
Family Name: Rosaceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: White single, 5 petal rose in open panicle 1/4" X 1?32"
Growth: 5-12' height X 5-8' spread
Landscape Use: Attracts bees/birds, attracts butterflies, banc cover, cut flowers, erosion control, rock garden, shrub mass and wind break.
Light: Dry/full sun inland and sun on the coast.
Location: Quail Hollow Ranch Park.
Pest: None
Problems: Crown rot in dense soils and fire hazard.
Propagation: By cutting and seeds.
Pruning: Dead head flowers.
Tolerance: Drought, heat, insects/disease resistant, neglect, seacoast and winds.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen shrub that is picturesque, round semi-opened, spreading and upright and it's stem is edible.
Water: None in summer and only until established (2 dry seasons).
California Native: Yes
Description: Hardy to 1-=15 degrees.
Sunset zones 6-9, 14-24.

Prefers sandy well-drained soil but willl tolerate clay.

Botanical Name: Arctostaphylos silvicola
Botanical Pronunciation: ark-toe-STAFF-eh-lus sill-VICK-eh-lah
Common Name: Manzanita
Family Name: Ericaceae
Diseases: Fungal leaf spot.
Flower: White, pink bell, clusters 1/4' each X 1" cluster.
Growth: 6-12 height X 6-10' spread.
Landscape Use: Attracts bees/birds, attracts butterflies, background, bank cover, restoration, rock garden, screen and spedimen plant.
Light: Dry/full sun to part sun on the coast and part sun inland.
Location: Quail Hollow Ranch Park.
Pest: Flat headed borer (control) none. Scale (control) allow parasites to come in. Aphids (control) eliminate summer water.
Problems: Short lived in gardens.
Propagation: By cuttings and seeds.
Pruning: Not recommended-cut are paths for fungal pathogens.
Tolerance: Short lived in gardens.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen shrub and tree picturesque semi-open spreading upright with medium texture.
Water: Avoid summer watering.
California Native: Yes
Description: Hardy to 10 degree.
Sunset zones 14-24.

Prefers well-drained sandy soil.

Botanical Name: Ceanothus cuneatus
Botanical Pronunciation: see-ah-NOE-thuss kew-knee-AH-tus
Common Name: Buck brush
Family Name: Rhamnaceae
Diseases: Oak root fungus (control) No summer water.
Flower: White, blue or lavender dense umbels stars 1" dia. X 1/16th indiv. in early spring.
Growth: 3-9' height X 3-9' spread with fast growth.
Landscape Use: Attracts bees/birds, background, bank cover and screen.
Light: Sun on the coast and inland dry/full sun.
Location: Quail Hollow Ranch Park.
Pest: None.
Problems: Short-lived in gardens.
Propagation: By cuttings and seeds.
Pruning: None required.
Tolerance: Deer, drought and neglect.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen shrub that is round, semi-open, spreading, upright and arching.
Water: Avoid suymmer watering.
California Native: Yes
Description: Hardy to 0-10 degrees.
Sunset zones 5-9, 14-24.

Prefers sand, well-drained soil.

Botanical Name: Iris fernadi
Botanical Pronunciation: EYE-riss fern-AL-dee-eye
Common Name: Fernald's Iris
Family Name: Iridaceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: Yellow Iris, 3 spepal, 3 petals 2-4 " dia. in March-July POISON to eat!
Growth: 8-15" height X 6-12" spread average growth.
Landscape Use: Border/edging, container plant, ground cover, pond/stream and rock garden.
Light: Sun to part sun on the coast and part sun inland.
Location: Quail Hallow Ranch Park.
Pest: None.
Problems: None.
Propagation: By division and seeds.
Pruning: Remove seed heads.
Tolerance: Deer, drought, insect.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen bulb that is clumping and semi-open with a medium texture.
Water: None in summer unless in a warm spot.
California Native: Yes
Description: Hardy to 0-10 degrees.
Sunset zones 4-9, 14-24.

Prefers moist laom.

Botanical Name: Pinus ponderosa
Botanical Pronunciation: PIE-nus- pon-derr-ROW-sah
Common Name: Ponderosa Pine
Family Name: Pinaceae
Diseases: Declin in smog & extreme drought stress San Bernadino Mountains.
Flower: Yelloe-red young emerging male cones that at 2" X 1/4" in the spring.
Growth: 50-100+ height X 25-30'+ spread that is average growth.
Landscape Use: Background, dee proof, specimen plant and grove.
Light: Sun on the coast and inland.
Location: Quail Hollow Ranch Park.
Pest: None.
Problems: Allergen and fire hazard.
Propagation: By seeds.
Pruning: Remove dead limbs.
Tolerance: Deer, drought, heat, lawn irrigation and neglet.
Type: Conifer tree that is oval, picturesque, pyramidal, spreading and upright.
Water: None in summer.
California Native: Yes
Description: Hardy to 0 degrees.
Sunset zones 1-10, 14-21, H1

Prefers sandy well-drained soil.

Botanical Name: Toxicodendron diversilobum
Botanical Pronunciation: tox-eh-co-DEN-dron dye-verse-eh-LOB-uhm
Common Name: Poison Oak
Family Name: Anacardiaceae
Diseases: None.
Flower: White star-like(male) 1/8" each in March-May
Growth: 2-20'+ height X 2-4'+ spread.
Landscape Use: Attacts birds. and restoration.
Light: Sun to shade on the coast and inland.
Location: Quail Hollow Ranch Park.
Pest: None.
Problems: Allergen and fire hazard and invasive/reseeds.
Propagation: Division sand seeds.
Pruning: At your own risk. Let goats eat it out.
Tolerance: Drought, heat and neglect.
Type: Deciduous shrub/vine that is climbing, dense, semi-open, spreading and upright with lober leaved.
Water: None in summer.
California Native: Yes
Description: Hardy to 0 degrees.
Sunset zones many.

Prefers all type.

Botanical Name: Arbutus menziesii
Botanical Pronunciation: are-BYEW-tuss men-ZEE-zee-i
Common Name: Madrone
Family Name: Ericaceae
Diseases: Fungal leaf spot and Madrone canker (fungus)
Flower: jug or urn shaped in white to pink in March to May.
Growth: 20-40' high X 20-40' spread.
Landscape Use: Attract birds, background and specimen.
Light: Sun on the coast and inland.
Location: Carothers Residence
Pest: Leaf miner, madrone leaf blotch miner, tent caterpillar and madrone shield bearer.
Problems: Excess litter.
Propagation: By seed - needs one month stratification.
Pruning: Remove dead limbs only. Great firewood.
Tolerance: Drought, heat and neglect.
Type: Broadleaf evergreen tree semi-open to open, spreading, upright and globular.
Water: Dry between.
California Native: Yes
Description: Hardy to 15 degrees.
Sunset zones 4-7, 14-19.

MENTION IN LAB 10